加拿大快乐8开奖网站
韩国快乐8官网现场开奖 韩国快乐8开奖结果查询 韩国快乐8官网现场开奖 韩国快乐8官网现场开奖 加拿大快乐8作假吗 新加坡快乐8开奖 加拿大快乐8提前开奖 加拿大快乐8查询 加拿大快乐8开奖官网 加拿大快乐8提前 加拿大快乐8开奖数据 加拿大快乐8三位 新加坡快乐8怎么玩 加拿大快乐8提前开奖结果 新加坡快乐8开奖网址

Methodology

This page offers links to the methodologies for each Doing Business topic and to the Doing Business 2020 questionnaire instruments. Visitors can also download several research papers (and the original datasets) that contributed to this project.

In recent years, Doing Business introduced improvements to all of its indicator sets. In Doing Business 2015, getting credit and protecting minority investors broadened their existing measures. In Doing Business 2016, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property and enforcing contracts also introduced new measures of quality, and trading across borders introduced a new case scenario to increase the economic relevance. In Doing Business 2017, paying taxes introduced new measures of postfiling processes.

Each methodology expansion was recalculated for one year to provide comparable indicator values and scores for the previous year. Rankings are calculated for Doing Business 2020 only. Year-to-year changes in the number of economies, number of indicators and methodology affect the comparability of prior years.

Methodology

DB20 questionnaire instruments

Research papers supporting the methodology

Download dataset

Starting a Business

(PDF, 358KB)

The Regulation of Entry (PDF, 131KB), by Djankov and others, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Feb 2002.

Zip (dta format, 20KB)

Dealing with Construction Permits

(PDF, 343KB)

  

Getting Electricity

(PDF, 511KB)

Electricity Connections and Firm Performance in 183 countries, by Geginat and Ramalho, May 2015.

 

Registering Property

(PDF, 388KB)

  

Getting Credit

Legal (PDF, 477KB)
Private (PDF, 197KB)
Public (PDF, 194KB)

Private Credit in 129 Countries (PDF, 238KB), by Djankov, McLiesh and Shleifer, Journal of Financial Economics, May 2007.

Excel

Protecting Minority Investors

(PDF, 321KB)

The Law and Economics of Self-Dealing (PDF, 816KB), by Djankov and others, Journal of Financial Economics, June 2008.

Excel

Paying Taxes

(PDF, 1.13MB)

The Effect of Corporate Taxes on Investment and Entrepreneurship, by Djankov and others, American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, July 2010.

Excel

Trading across Borders

(PDF, 462KB)

Trading on Time (PDF, 100KB), by Djankov and others, Review of Economics and Statistics, Feb 2010.

Zip (dta format, 56MB)

Enforcing Contracts

(PDF, 199KB)

Courts (PDF, 691KB), by Simeon Djankov and others, Quarterly Journal of Economics, May 2003.

Zip (Excel)

Resolving Insolvency

(PDF, 338KB)

Debt Enforcement Around the World (PDF, 216KB), by Djankov and others, Journal of Political Economy, Dec 2008.

Excel

 

Additional Topics*

DB20 questionnaire instruments

Research papers supporting the methodology

Download dataset

Employing Workers

      (PDF, 372KB)

The Regulation of Labor (PDF, 270KB), by Botero and others, Quarterly Journal of Economics, June 2004.

Excel

* Not included in Doing Business rankings.

加拿大快乐8开奖网站
韩国快乐8官网现场开奖 韩国快乐8开奖结果查询 韩国快乐8官网现场开奖 韩国快乐8官网现场开奖 加拿大快乐8作假吗 新加坡快乐8开奖 加拿大快乐8提前开奖 加拿大快乐8查询 加拿大快乐8开奖官网 加拿大快乐8提前 加拿大快乐8开奖数据 加拿大快乐8三位 新加坡快乐8怎么玩 加拿大快乐8提前开奖结果 新加坡快乐8开奖网址
哈尔滨麻将游戏 闲来宁夏麻将下载苹果版 江苏快三预测专家 时时彩组60计划 新人注册送的lg平台 重庆欢乐生肖是怎么玩的 金沙娱樂城js333 91v千炮捕鱼 在深圳科技园卖早餐赚钱吗 河南十一选五开奖查询